December 14, the International Scientific and Practical Conference "Anti-Corruption Education and Enlightenment as a priority of the national anti-corruption policy" was organized
As always, our annual December conference is dated to the International Anti-Corruption Day. It was a global event consisting of two sessions, the first was allocated to discussing university anti-corruption programs, and the second to corporate educational programs. This year's event was taken in a mixed format, but most of the participants attended online. The Conference was attended by members of Moscow and regional Russian universities, who shared their experience of anti-corruption education with those present. The moderator was Krylova Dina Vladimirovna, Head of the HSE PULAP, Public Ombudsman in the sphere of Protection of Entrepreneurs' Rights in the Field of Anti-Corruption, expert of the Council of Europe.
Dmitry Igorevich Zemtsov, Vice-Rector of the Higher School of Economics, discussed with the audience an introductory speech and noted the importance of attracting young people to participate in educational anti-corruption projects. This function at the university was taken over by the laboratory, which attracts year a large number of students to work on various research projects, which allows them to study various aspects of such a versatile phenomenon as corruption and gain new knowledge not only about in related to corruption fields.
Vitaly Vladimirovich Belinsky, the assistant of the Office of the President of the Russian Federation on counteracting corruption, spoke about how global the issue of anti-corruption activities in the educational sphere is, referring to the "Resolution of the Conference of the States Parties to the United Nations Convention against Corruption": "... education plays a fundamental role in the fight against corruption because it makes corrupt behavior socially unacceptable." Vitaly Vladimirovich also noticed the importance of not only attracting and training students in anti-corruption activities but also increasing awareness of the employees of educational institutions in the field of anti-corruption.
Dina Vladimirovna Krylova shared her view on the activities of the HSE Anti-Corruption Design and Training Laboratory and explained why anti-corruption education is so important these days. D.V. Krylova spoke about the current project activities of PULAP and the priorities of anti-corruption education in the 2021-2022 academic year, their key elements were allocated interdisciplinarity, critical analysis of scientific research, mutual training of students within the framework of project activities. Special attention to D.V. Krylova paid attention to the formation of general skills of students' success since her most important criterion in the future is the ability to present herself and the results of her activities with greatness. Among the qualitative characteristics of anti-corruption training of young people, the project approach, practice orientation, effective management of our educational programs, and group work allocated.
Alexander E. Rusetsky, Director of the RANEPA Anti-Corruption knowledge and Training Center, established in 2014, spoke about the educational role of the Research and Training Center and about the results that have already been achieved. During the speech, it was noted that in the light of the adopted National Anti-Corruption Plan, the Research and Training Center has developed and is implementing 4 programs for state and municipal employees. In 2020, more than 1,700 students attended the program. Specialized master's courses are also being created. HSE became one of the first universities to launch this direction. "It is important to gather at conferences, exchange new developments and always be in good shape," Alexander Rusetsky summed up.
Alexander Igorevich Sotov, Associate Professor of the Department of Criminology at the Faculty of Law of Moscow State University, in his speech, spoke in detail about two areas of anti-corruption education - compliance and forensik ("forensik" - activities aimed at identifying and resolving disputes on financial, legal and other issues, as well as economic investigation of actions of employees and organizations that contradict legislative acts and other principles). He noted the importance of developing practice-oriented anti-corruption education, especially in the private sector, where it is difficult to fight corruption manifestations. The optimal solution, according to Alexander Sotov, maybe the creation of a national knowledge base in the field of compliance and enforcement, in order to form a standard educational program in both directions on its basis.
Maxim Sergeevich Sokolov, Associate Professor of the Department of State and Municipal Administration of the Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, shared his experience in the formation of anti-corruption thinking among young people on the example of the Plekhanov Russian University of Economics. Comprehensive work is carried out at the university: scientific and public events on anti-corruption topics are held, open lectures are organized, scientific and educational literature is produced. In his speech, Maxim Sokolov noted the active involvement of the students themselves, who create quite successful both formal and informal organizations (the Heart of Russia Project). The activity of the university is highly appreciated by the Ministry of Education of Russia.
Tamara Viktorovna Shashikhina, Director of the MGIMO European Training Institute of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia, told the participants about the use of technologies in the field of counteracting corruption system in the higher education system. She shared the existing problems in this area and possible ways to solve them, one of which could be the development of a unified anti-corruption educational platform where it would be possible to accumulate all the best practices in this area.
Artem Mikhailovich Tsirin, a researcher at the Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law under the Government of the Russian Federation, spoke about the anti-corruption policy in Russia, which is a strategic state task, the implementation of which requires the combined efforts of state authorities, local self-government, civil society institutions, organizations, and individuals. The state anti-corruption policy, in his opinion, is focused not only on reducing situational manifestations of corruption but also on identifying and eliminating the causes and conditions that contribute to the prosperity of this phenomenon. In order to solve these problems, according to the speaker, effective legislation and a high level of legal awareness of the population are necessary.
Anna Nikolaevna Palagina, Rector of the International Institute of Management of Business Associations of the CCI of the Russian Federation, spoke about the positive experience of cooperation between the Institute and the HSE PULAP, which is long-term, very productive, and does not lose its prospects.
Eduard Aleksandrovich Ivanov, Academic Director of the HSE Compliance and Prevention of Legal Risks educational program, spoke in his speech about the system of anti-corruption education and anti-corruption education. He noted the importance of introducing anti-corruption education in schools since adult students with formed views come to higher education institutions. As an example, the start of the online platform Education for Justice was given, which contains educational materials for different age categories. "It is important to build a system, that is, it should not be a one-time action. It is necessary to gradually build a system of anti-corruption education at all levels," says Ivanov. To do this, he suggests starting with educating teachers so that they understand the topic and teach it based on the characteristics of child psychology, as well as based on real cases, combining theory and practice.
Igor Izmailovich Bikeev, the first vice-rector of Kazan Innovative University named after V.G.Timiryasov, spoke about the anti-corruption standards applicable to the university, which are a document where the rules of compliance with the anti-corruption policy adapted to the system of the educational institution are stated in simple terms. Employees of the university undertake to comply with these rules when concluding an employment contract. In addition to the university staff, students are also involved in the anti-corruption policy - they participate in the development and improvement of the University's anti-corruption rules, as well as take sociological surveys on a regular basis. The survey results show that students share the university's values regarding anti-corruption policy.
Igor Sergeyevich Andreechev, Deputy Head of the Administration - Director of the Legal Department of the Administration of the Governor of the Arkhangelsk Region and the Government of the Arkhangelsk Region, spoke about the legislative acts fixing the need for anti-corruption training of employees. The speaker drew a distinction between two areas of this work: the training of "beginners" who are just entering the service and educational programs created for professionals. The speaker shared the experience of the Arkhangelsk region in the field of anti-corruption education and spoke about its basic principles: knowledge, skills, and values.
Maxim Mikhailovich Polyakov, Associate Professor of the Department of Administrative Law and Procedure at the Kutafin Moscow State Law University, noted the complexity of the process of forming a public consciousness intolerant of corruption, citing the example of Singapore, where this process carried on for 30 years. And this is not the limit – in other countries it took 40, 50 years. According to Maxim Mikhailovich, Russia will have to go a long way in this direction. The speaker noted the importance of local legal regulation of anti-corruption behavior in educational institutions of different levels, spoke about the experience of the Moscow State University on anti-corruption education – about its legal and organizational foundations.
Marina Nikolaevna Makarova, Professor of the Department of Sociology at Udmurt State University, spoke about the anti-corruption worldview as a universal competence of university students and the search for interdisciplinary approaches.
Olga Nikolaevna Ageeva, Associate Professor of the Department of Criminal Law, Criminology and Criminology of the N.P. Ogarev Mordovian State University spoke about the problems of preventing corruption as part of her speech.
Tatyana Vladimirovna Chernyak, Associate Professor of the Department of Personnel Management at the Siberian Institute of Management of the RANEPA, spoke about anti-corruption education in the situation of digitalization of education and the experience of her university in the field of implementing DPO programs.
Anna Leonidovna Melnikova, an expert of the Anti-Corruption Policy Design and Training Laboratory, made a presentation on the topic "The prospect of using video games in anti-corruption education". A.L. Melnikova has been studying the world experience of combating corruption through types of social communications for a long time. According to the expert, video games speak an intuitive language for both the teacher and the student, have an emotional impact, and are also the most effective way of learning in the course of practical activities. The student can make a decision, the consequences of which will be able to assess due to the development of the storyline.
Gennady Andreevich Porosenkov, an expert of the Anti-Corruption Policy Design and Training Laboratory, spoke about the success factors of anti-corruption education (on the example of the course). A successful course should cover the specific needs of the student, such as the formation of educational experience in the field of anti-corruption, the ability to search and analyze relevant information, as well as having a low tolerance for corruption acts. The most important condition for a successful course of G.A. Porosenkov noted the focus on the interests of students, they need to be put at the center of the course and take into account their desires since this is what will allow us to achieve the main goal of training – to make students real specialists in their field.
Igor Viktorovich Korzenkov, Head of the Office of the Commissioner under the President of the Russian Federation for the Protection of the Rights of Entrepreneurs, spoke about the activities of the Commissioner in the field of protection of the rights of entrepreneurs and the importance of educating entrepreneurs on the mandatory anti-corruption requirements of legislation, which are important to comply with.
Leida Evgenievna Lukyanova, Vice President for Business Ethics and Compliance at MTS, believes that compliance is diverse and plays an important role in the modern world. Of course, it is worth trying to adhere to international standards and those practices that have been developed in the existing anti-corruption compliance for many years. One of the components of success in the modern world is the creation of an ethics program for conducting any activity, a world-class compliance program and compliance culture, as well as the introduction of mandatory, affordable training and educational programs through mobilization while ensuring the effectiveness of the educational beginning, introduced through the dashboard format.
Sergey Vladimirovich Taut, Deputy Head of the Anti-Corruption Policy Design and Training Laboratory, Associate Professor of the Faculty of Law and head of the practice of the Master's program on compliance and prevention of legal risks, specialist of the Pepelyaev Group company on anti-corruption compliance, spoke about education in the field of compliance on the example of the master's program. He emphasized its importance and relevance of academic compliance education.
Veronika Vladimirovna Kiseleva, Compliance Manager of SIBUR LLC, spoke about the compliance system within the company. The basic principle is to instill in employees the values of compliance culture by using the right mechanisms, taking personal account the characteristics of employees. The compliance system of the organization is constantly changing and improving – so, starting from 2021, employees can receive professional education in the field of compliance on the basis of the Kazan National Research Technological University, which has become a big step in the development of the professional community within the organization. Also, within the framework of the "Institute of Compliance-Ambassadorship", specially trained ambassadors are sent to the company's divisions in order to educate employees. All the above measures have shown their effectiveness – according to the latest survey, a high degree of awareness in the field of compliance is observed in 80% of employees.
Alexander Olegovich Hegai, Compliance Director in Central Europe at Amazon, in his speech spoke about the features of compliance training, which is built taking into account the most efficient use of time and resources and is based on: risk assessment, target audience identification, and determining the most effective training format. Despite the fact that in such a large company corruption risks are not among the top three, the management pays some attention to the prevention of these risks. Therefore, the speaker reminds us those reasonable investments in the field of compliance education always pay off and will be useful to the management of any company.
Asya Vitalievna Andreichenko, Director of Compliance Control at First Infrastructure Company LLC, concluded the conference with her speech and spoke about the promotion of compliance values among employees. The company's compliance training system has been transformed: a code of ethics based on compliance values has been developed; the training format has moved from lecture to visual, and other areas have been redesigned and compressed to save more time. Asya Vitalievna noted that values are being introduced into all business processes of the company, including the search for candidates.